Welcome to CyBase

This site is dedicated to the study of a fascinating new class of proteins that possess a cyclic backbone in which the N and C termini have been joined with a conventional amide bond. These recently characterised molecules have now been found in organisms from all kingdoms of life and given the current rate of discovery the number of sequences could soon number in the hundreds.

Research in our lab is aimed at further characterising cyclic proteins and adapting them for commercial and medicinal use. In particular we work on a class of cyclic protein named the cyclotides. These proteins are found in the plants of the Rubiaceae and Violaceae and our specific goals include: determining the role that cyclotides play in plants, discovering the mechanism of action of the wide range of biological activities displayed by the cyclotides (including anti-HIV, anti-bacterial and insecticidal activity), characterising the genetics of the cyclotides and further discovery of novel cyclotides.

In order to track the rapidly increasing number of cyclic peptides that have been characterised this website presents a database of cyclic protein sequences and structures.

Cyclic peptide examples

Cyclic peptides have been found in a range of organisms including the cyclotides from plants, RTD-1 from macaque monkeys and AS-48 from bacteria.

News: A new method called CyPred has been developed at the University of Alberta in the laboratory of Lukasz Kurgan to predict if a protein is cyclic from its protein sequence.
Kedarisetti P., Mizianty MJ, Kaas Q., Craik D.J., and Kurgan L. Prediction and characterization of cyclic proteins from sequences in three domains of life. BBA - Proteins and Proteomic (2013) In Press.
News: A page now describes the collection of plants that have been screened for cyclotides content, whether cyclotides have been found or not. People carrying out cyclotide research are encouraged to submit the name of the plant species that they examined to the website in order to evaluate cyclotide distribution.
Gerlach S.L, Göransson U., Kaas Q., Craik D.J., Mondal D., and Gruber C.W. A systematic approach to document cyclotide distribution in plant species from genomic, transcriptomic and peptidomic analysis. Biopolymers Peptide Science (2013) In Press.

Statistics Table (generated on Wednesday 29th of June 2016)

Number of Entries Species Coverage Links to UniProt, Genbank or PDB
Proteins 818 105 517
Bacterial 22 12 28
BBI-like trypsin inhibitor 63 4 19
Caryophyllaceae-type 128 31 31
Cyclised linear proteins 15 1 4
Cyclotide 532 55 352
Mushroom 4 1 6
Primate 14 3 15
Squash trypsin inhibitor 37 2 14
Sunflower cyclic peptides 3 2 4
Nucleotides 234 48 218
Structures 65 25 65
Assayed Proteins 162 28 NA

Please cite:

Wang CK, Kaas Q, Chiche L, Craik DJ (2008) CyBase: a database of cyclic protein sequences and structures, with applications in protein discovery and engineering. Nucleic Acids Res. D206-10

Mulvenna JP, Wang C, Craik DJ (2006) CyBase: a database of cyclic protein sequence and structure. Nucleic Acids Res. D192-4